Skin Care Ingredient Dictionary
RATING (From 1-5) CATEGORY INGREDIENT BENEFITS
5 PLANT EXTRACT, ANTIOXIDANT Acai- Acai is a small berry which is a potent antioxidant and helps in anti-ageing
5 PLANT EXTRACT, ANTIOXIDANT Actinidia Chinensis (Kiwi) Fruit Extract Kiwi exctract is a very good source of vitamin C which helps the skin from pollutants
5 EXFOLLIANT AHA (Alpha Hydroxy Acid) AHA can be dervived from both natural and synthetic sources. The most effective AHA is lactic acid and glycolic acid and they help with exfoliation, uneven skin tone
5 PLANT EXTRACT, ANTIOXIDANT Albatrellus Confluens (Mushroom) Extract Soothes redness and is very good for sensitive skin
5 PLANT EXTRACT, ANTIOXIDANT, EMOLLIENT Algae Extract Has anti-ageing properties
5 PLANT EXTRACT Allantoin Allantoin is a soothing agent that helps mitigate strong reactions to actives that can potentially cause irritations on the skin
5 PLANT EXTRACT, EMOLLIENT Almond Oil Also known as sweet almond oil is extracted from almond seeds contains many fatty acids that help replensih and hydrate the skin
5 PLANT EXTRACT, ANTIOXIDANT Aloe Barbadensis Leaf Extract Extract derived from the leaves of the aloe vera plant that has soothing properties and also acts as a hydrating agent
5 PLANT EXTRACT, ANTIOXIDANT Alpha-Arbutin Alpha-arbutin is a plant-derived or synthetic ingredient that helps to brighten, fade discolorations, protect skin from oxidative stress and promote a more even skin tone
5 PLANT EXTRACT, ANTIOXIDANT Alpha Bisabolol Skin soothing agent
5 PLANT EXTRACT, ANTIOXIDANT Apple Fruit Extract Is an antioxidant
5 PLANT EXTRACT, ANTIOXIDANT, EMOLLIENT Apricot Kernel Oil Plant oil pressed from the seeds of apricots, provides hydration and also soothes skin
5 PLANT EXTRACT, ANTIOXIDANT Arctostaphylos Uva Ursi Leaf Extract Helps with uneven skin tone and discolourations and is an antioxidant
5 PLANT EXTRACT, ANTIOXIDANT, EMOLLIENT Argan Oil Excellcent source of Vitamin E and is also a good emollient
5 ANTIOXIDANT, HUMECTANT Arginine Delivers antioxidant benefits and also helps repairing visible skin damage
5 ANTIOXIDANT Ascorbic Acid Ascorbic acid - also known as L-ascorbic acid helps with uneven skin tone and helps improve signs of ageing but it is important to note that it is a vulnerable antioxidant when exposed to UV light and air, so it must be packaged to protect it from these elements during routine use. If not, its effectiveness will gradually become diminished to the point of not working at all. For this reason, avoid any vitamin C (ascorbic acid) products packaged in traditional, open-mouthed jars or clear bottles.
5 ANTIOXIDANT Aspergillus Ferment Is a fungi/mold extract produced via fermentation. Shows skin brigtening properties and is also considered as an 'upcyled skin-care ingredient' as to reduce agricultural waste and due to their unique nature, they can be used to produce other cosmetic ingredients, such as the citric acid.
5 PLANT EXTRACT, ANTIOXIDANT Avena Sativa (Oat) Kernel Extract Is an antioxidant and has skin-soothing properties
5 PLANT EXTRACT, ANTIOXIDANT Avocado Oil Is an antioxidant and is also a source of skin-replenishing rich fatty acids
5 PLANT EXTRACT, ANTIOXIDANT, EMOLLIENT Babassu Oil Babassu oil comes from the seed of the Orbignya oleifera plant, which is native to Brazil. Rich in anti-oxidants and fatty acids, helps with hydration
5 PLANT EXTRACT, ANTIOXIDANT Bakuchiol Bakuchiol is a natural antioxidant and anti-aging ingredient found in the seeds and leaves of the plant Psoralea corylifolia. Has skin-restoring ability, as well as an effect on brightening a dull complexion. In particular, it can help reduce skin discolorations, including post-breakout marks, and clarify uneven tone. Research has also shown this plant ingredient has a significant soothing effect and also offers wrinkle-reducing properties and also mimics the qualities of retinol.
5 PLANT EXTRACT, ANTIOXIDANT Bambusa Vulgaris (Bamboo) Leaf/Stem Extract Extract from the common bamboo plant, is a source of natural antioxidants and can have skin-soothing properties.
5 PLANT EXTRACT, ANTIOXIDANT, EMOLLIENT Baobab Seed Oil Is a Seed oil which contains high fatty acids which help to hydrate and soothe the skin
5 ANTIBACTERIAL Benzoyl Peroxide Benzoyl peroxide is widely considered the most effective over-the-counter choice for a topical antibacterial agent in the treatment of acne
5 PLANT EXTRACT, EMOLLIENT Beta-Sitosterol A fatty acid-type ingredient derived from plants, it is considered a good moisturizing and skin-soothing ingredient.
5 EXFOLIANT BHA (Beta Hydroxy Acid) BHA is an acronym for beta hydroxy acid, which is more commonly known as salicylic acid. It is effective for reducing breakouts, including blackheads and whiteheads
5 HUMECTANT Bifida Ferment Lysate Is a probiotic ingredient, this ingredient can help reactive skin become less sensitive to environmental aggressors via strengthening its microbiome. Doing so encourages skin to visibly repair itself and begin looking healthier.
5 PLANT EXTRACT, ANTIOXIDANT Bilberry Extract Has anti-ageing properties
5 PLANT EXTRACT, ANTIOXIDANT, EMOLLIENT Borage Seed Oil Non-fragrant, moisturizing plant oil that's a rich source of the essential fatty acid gamma linolenic acid.
5 PLANT EXTRACT, ANTIOXIDANT Burdock Root Has skin-soothing properties but can be problematic for those sensitive to plants in the ragweed family.
5 PLANT EXTRACT, ANTIOXIDANT Camellia Japonica Flower Extract This plant has impressive antioxidant, anti-pollution, and soothing abilities.
5 PLANT EXTRACT, ANTIOXIDANT Camellia Sinensis Camellia sinensis is better known as green tea. The polyphenols in green tea possess potent antioxidant and skin-soothing properties, and show significant promise for improving the appearance of sun-damaged skin.
5 PLANT EXTRACT, ANTIOXIDANT Cannabidiol One of the components of the Cannabis sativa and Cannabis indica plants. It’s a very good antioxidant, on par with vitamins C and E.
5 EMOLLIENT Caprooyl Phytosphingosine Caprooyl phytosphingosine is a skin care ingredient created from a mixture of fatty acids. his ingredient works to replenish and restore a healthier-looking skin surface, creating a smooth, hydrated feel
5 PLANT EXTRACT, ANTIOXIDANT, EMOLLIENT Carrot Oil Plant oil that has hydrating and anti-ageing properties
5 PLANT EXTRACT, ANTIOXIDANT Centella Asiatica Extract Centella asiatica is a perennial herb that grows primarily in Asia, and may be listed on labels as asiatic acid, hydrocotyl, or gotu kola. It is a good hydrating ingredient to soothe upset or compromised skin.
5 EMOLLIENT Ceramides Ceramides can be derived from plants or bio-identical forms can be created synthetically—both types work effectively. Ceramides are known for their water-retention capacity (think hydration) and adding them to a skin care product helps provide replenishing and restorative benefits.
5 PLANT EXTRACT, ANTIOXIDANT Citrullus Lanatus (Watermelon) Seed Oil Is a non-fragrant plant oil that contains several fatty acids which, in combination, hydrate, replenish, and soothe skin
5 PLANT EXTRACT, ANTIOXIDANT Clitoria Ternatea (Butterfly Pea) Flower Extract Clitoria ternatea is a perennial herb more commonly known as butterfly pea because of the pea-shaped, wing-like flowers it produces. All parts of this plant have benefit for skin, making it an interesting natural ingredient to consider.
5 PLANT EXTRACT, ANTIOXIDANT, EMOLLIENT Cocoa Butter Cocoa butter is a rich source of antioxidant polyphenols
5 PLANT EXTRACT, ANTIOXIDANT, EMOLLIENT Coconut Oil Coconut oil is a rich source of medium-chain fatty acids, Used by itself as a moisturizer, coconut oil’s effectiveness is similar to that of mineral oil.
5 ANTIOXIDANT Coenzyme Q10 Topical application of CoQ10 has antioxidant and skin-soothing effects
5 PLANT EXTRACT, ANTIOXIDANT, EMOLLIENT Coffea Arabica (Coffee) Seed Oil Coffee seed extract and oil are a rich source of antioxidants
5 PLANT EXTRACT, ANTIOXIDANT Colloidal Oatmeal Research shows avenathramides, potent types of antioxidants found in oats (and colloidal oatmeal), can help soothe skin. A high concentration of beta-glucan and starches in colloidal oatmeal also mean it has water-binding properties and is an effective skin protectant. In fact, the FDA categorizes colloidal oatmeal as a skin protectant, allowing it to be listed as an active ingredient on skin care products.
5 PLANT EXTRACT, ANTIOXIDANT, EMOLLIENT Cranberry Seed Oil Has potent antioxidant ability because it is a rich source of polyphenols as well as skin-restoring benefits.
5 PLANT EXTRACT, ANTIOXIDANT Curcumin Potent antioxidant and soothing spice that can be effective in replenishing skin.
5 PLANT EXTRACT, ANTIOXIDANT Daidzein Daidzein is one of the primary isoflavone antioxidants found naturally in soy, it helps mitigate the cascade of oxidative and other damage triggered by exposure to UVB light.
5 ANTIOXIDANT D-Alpha-Tocopherol Antioxidant that’s considered the most effective form of vitamin E.
5 EMOLLIENT, SILICONE Dimethicone Dimethicone is a type of silicone, it is one of the most frequently used emollient (softening) ingredients in moisturizers, well known for its gentleness and effectiveness.
5 EMOLLIENT Egg Yolk Egg yolk is mostly water and lipids (fats), especially cholesterol, which makes it a good emollient and replenishing ingredient for skin.
5 PLANT EXTRACT, ANTIOXIDANT Emblica Officinalis (Gooseberry) Fruit Extract Also known as amla, the fruit extract from this Indian berry is among the richest plant sources of antioxidants
5 EMOLLIENT, OCCLUSIVE Ethylhexyl Olivate Ethylhexyl olivate is an olive-derived emollient. Helps keep vital hydrating substances in skin from escaping
5 PLANT EXTRACT, ANTIOXIDANT, EMOLLIENT Evening Primrose Oil Evening primrose oil is a non-fragrant plant oil whose fatty acids can have significant skin-soothing and emollient benefits for skin. It can also help other ingredients absorb more readily into skin.
5 PLANT EXTRACT, ANTIOXIDANT Ferulic Acid Antioxidant that helps defend skin from the signs of sun damage and environmental assault, Improves stability and efficacy of other antioxidants, such as vitamins C and E
5 PLANT EXTRACT, ANTIOXIDANT, EMOLLIENT Ficus Carica (Fig) Fruit Extract It’s a rich source of a class of antioxidants known as phenolic compounds, fig has been shown to enhance skin’s hydration by preventing water loss from skin’s uppermost layers.
5 PLANT EXTRACT, ANTIOXIDANT Flax Flax seeds and seed oil have antioxidant properties. The seeds are also a source of essential fatty acid linolenic acid.
5 PLANT EXTRACT, ANTIOXIDANT Fragaria Vesca (Strawberry) Fruit Extract Rich in antioxidant compounds known as anthocyanins, hydrates skin and is a good source of vitamin C
5 EMOLLIENT, ANTIOXIDANT Gamma Linolenic Acid (GLA) Fatty acid used in cosmetics as an emollient and antioxidant. GLA is considered a skin-soothing agent. It’s found in black currant oil or seeds, evening primrose oil, and borage oil.
5 PLANT EXTRACT, ANTIOXIDANT Ginkgo Biloba Leaf Extract Potent, plant-derived antioxidant and soothing ingredient derived from the ginkgo plant.
5 PLANT EXTRACT, ANTIOXIDANT Ginseng it delivers antioxidant benefits, boosts hydration, and helps visibly improve signs of skin ageing
5 ANTIOXIDANT Glutathione Glutathione is a tripeptide comprised of three amino acids (cysteine, glutamic acid, and glycine), which work in unison when used topically to brighten a dull complexion while offering skin-restoring benefits.
5 HUMECTANT Glycerin Glycerin is a skin-replenishing and skin-restoring ingredient
5 PLANT EXTRACT, ANTIOXIDANT Glycyrrhiza Glabra (Licorice) Root Extract Is a plant extract that offers skin-soothing properties and effective in improving the look of an uneven skin tone
5 PLANT EXTRACT, ANTIOXIDANT Goji Fruit Extract Is a very good source of antioxidant compounds which helps mitigate signs of environmental damage
5 PLANT EXTRACT, ANTIOXIDANT Gotu Kola Has soothing and anti-inflammatory properties.
5 PLANT EXTRACT, ANTIOXIDANT, EMOLLIENT Grape Seed Oil This plant oil has strong antioxidant properties
5 PLANT EXTRACT, ANTIOXIDANT Green Tea Research has established that topical application of green tea leaves or extracts have many benefits for skin, including anti-aging properties. It is a gentle antioxidant and can help improving the appearance of sun-damaged skin
5 PLANT EXTRACT, ANTIOXIDANT, EMOLLIENT Helianthus Annuus (Sunflower) Seed Oil Has the ability to help replenish, strengthen, and soothe skin. Helianthus annuus (sunflower) seed oil is particularly beneficial for dry, dehydrated, or environmentally compromised skin
5 PLANT EXTRACT, ANTIOXIDANT, EMOLLIENT Hemp Seed Oil Hemp seed oil is used as an emollient and to supply skin with omega fatty acids it needs to replenish itself and strengthen its surface against moisture loss.
5 PLANT EXTRACT, ANTIOXIDANT Hippophae Rhamnoides (Seaberry) Fruit Extract Also known as sea buckthorn, this berry is a good source of vitamin C as well as various B vitamins and vitamin E. Has a pronounced soothing effect on skin.
5 ANTIOXIDANT, HUMECTANT Honey Extract Antioxidants found in honey include vitamins A, C, and E as well as flavonoid compounds triacetin, quercetin, and luteolin.
5 PLANT EXTRACT Honeysuckle Flower Extract Plant extract that functions as an skin-soothing agent
5 HUMECTANT Humectants Humectants are ingredients that attract water to skin. They include glycerin, hyaluronic acid, sodium hyaluronate, sodium PCA, various glycols, amino acids, glycolic acid, various plant sugars known as polysaccharides, honey, and the B vitamin panthenol. Humectants are smart ingredients that attract moisture in the areas that skin needs it the most, and act accordingly to keep skin’s water levels balanced.
5 ANTIOXIDANT, HUMECTANT Hyaluronic Acid Hyaluronic acid has restorative abilities and can boost skin’s moisture content, soothe, and defend against moisture loss. It is capable of holding up to 1,000 times its own weight in water, making it an optimal hydrator for all skin types.
5 EMOLLIENT, EMULSIFIER Hydrogenated Lecithin It is a dispersing agent, skin-conditioning emollient, and emulsifier and can enhance the penetration of other skin care ingredients in a formulation for greater efficacy
5 EMOLLIENT, PLANT EXTRACT Jojoba Butter The fattiest portion of jojoba oil, used as an intensive emollient.
5 PLANT EXTRACT, ANTIOXIDANT, EMOLLIENT Jojoba Oil Jojoba oil has been shown to enhance skin’s restorative properties,can also provide topical skin-soothing benefits. Its texture is similar to the oil (sebum) human skin produces, one more reason it’s a brilliant ingredient for dry skin and potentially problematic for those with oily skin prone to clogged pores and breakouts.
5 PLANT EXTRACT, ANTIOXIDANT, EMOLLIENT Kukui Nut Oil Also known as candlenut or candleberry oil; it has skin-soothing benefits
5 EXFOLLIANT, HUMECTANT Lactic Acid Lactic acid is an alpha hydroxy acid (AHA) extracted from milk. Lactic acid exfoliates on the surface of skin
5 HUMECTANT, PREBIOTIC / PROBIOTIC / POSTBIOTIC Lactobacillius Lactobacillus is a gram-positive, anerobic (doesn’t like oxygen) skin-friendly bacteria. It’s the starting point for literally hundreds of ingredients that offer numerous benefits for skin, including humectant, soothing, and supporting skin’s microbiome.
5 EMOLLIENT, EMULSIFIER Lecithin Lecithin in skin care formulations serves a variety of roles including functioning as an emollient (think softening), water-binding agent (to boost hydration), and emulsifying agent (to help water + oil ingredients mesh better in a formula). Lecithin is naturally present in many living organisms, but in cosmetic formulas it’s almost always derived from plants such as soy, sunflower or rapeseed.
5 PLANT EXTRACT, ANTIOXIDANT Licorice Root Licorice root is a plant extract that offers skin-soothing properties. In addition, it can be effective in improving the look of an uneven skin tone.
5 ANTIOXIDANT, EMOLLIENT Linseed Seed Oil Linseed seed oil is more commonly known as flaxseed oil. t’s a significant plant source of omega fatty acids, primarily an omega-3 fatty acid (linolenic acid) that’s been shown to have a soothing effect on skin.
5 PLANT EXTRACT, EMOLLIENT Meadowfoam Seed Oil It functions as an emollient and softening agent in skin care and hair care products.
5 PLANT EXTRACT, ANTIOXIDANT Mulberry Extract Non-fragrant plant extract (Latin name is Morus alba) whose various parts such as the leaf and root, have shown potential to brighten and improve the look of uneven skin tone.
5 PLANT EXTRACT Neem Extract The extracts have antioxidant and skin-calming benefits and may also help reduce the population of harmful microbes on skin's surface
5 ANTIOXIDANT, HUMECTANT Niacinamide Niacinamide (also known as vitamin B3 or nicotinamide) is a unique skin-restoring ingredient that offers a multitude of benefits for skin. It is best known for its ability to help visibly reduce enlarged pores and improve uneven/dull skin tone. It also strengthens a weakened skin barrier. An advantage of niacinamide’s antioxidant power is that it can help visibly repair damage from UV light while offsetting other sources of environmental attack (including the negative impact of airborne pollutants)
5 PLANT EXTRACT, ANTIOXIDANT, EMOLLIENT Oryza Sativa (Rice) Bran Oil Oryza sativa (rice) bran oil is the oil extracted from the husks (bran) of grains of rice. It is used as a barrier-repairing emollient, and like most plant extracts, has antioxidant properties.
5 HUMECTANT, SOLVENT Panthenol Panthenol (sometimes referred to as pro-vitamin B5) is a popular humectant in personal care products due to its ability to attract and hold moisture. When topically applied, it converts to pantothenic acid, which is a naturally occurring substance within the body.
5 EXFOLLIANT PHA PHA stands for polyhydroxy acid. Ingredients such as gluconolactone and lactobionic acid are polyhydroxy acids. They’re supposed to be as effective as AHAs, but less sensitizing.
5 PLANT EXTRACT, ANTIOXIDANT, EMOLLIENT Plum Seed Oil Also known as plum kernel oil, is non-fragrant oil extracted from the seeds of the plum fruit. It’s primary use in cosmetics and skincare is as an emollient.
5 PLANT EXTRACT, ANTIOXIDANT Pomegranate Extract Pomegranate extract offers antioxidant properties that can help improve the appearance of aging skin by inhibiting damaging environmental stressors. It can also have a soothing effect on skin.
5 PLANT EXTRACT, ANTIOXIDANT Prickly Pear Hydrolyzed Opuntia ficus-indica flower extract is also known as prickly pear or barbary fig. Research has shown that this plant and its flowers are very good sources of antioxidants, many of which have a potent soothing effect and anti-ageing propetiess on the skin.Vitamins C, E, and K are also present throughout this plant, as are various amino acids and antioxidant compounds such as gallic acid, various flavonoids (quercetin), lignans, and stilbenes, all of which help enhance skin’s environmental defenses in the face of aggressors like pollution and UV light. Specific to the flower portion of this plant, it’s not only a robust source of polyphenol and flavonoid antioxidants but contains antimicrobial compounds that may play a role in helping to visibly repair damaged skin.
5 PLANT EXTRACT, ANTIOXIDANT Pumpkin Seed Extract Type of squash that is a very good source of antioxidant cartenoids and vitamin E
5 PLANT EXTRACT, ANTIOXIDANT Red Algae Red algae is a type of seaweed that has hydrating and antioxidant benefits for skin.
5 PLANT EXTRACT, ANTIOXIDANT Resveratrol Resveratrol is a potent polyphenolic antioxidant found in red grapes, red wine, nuts, and fruits such as blueberries, raspberries and cranberries. Applied topically, resveratrol helps protect skin’s surface and rebuffs negative environmental influences.
5 ANTIOXIDANT Retinol Retinol is the name for the entire vitamin A molecule. It’s a skin-restoring, wrinkle-smoothing, firming and pore-refining ingredient and an antioxidant, allowing it to improve a variety of skin concerns, most related to visible signs of aging.
5 PLANT EXTRACT, ANTIOXIDANT, EMOLLIENT Rose Hip Oil Rose hip oil is a non-fragrant emollient plant oil that has antioxidant properties and is also a rich source of skin-beneficial fatty acids.Rose hip oil’s long been used in skin care and cosmetics for its hydrating benefits. This is mainly thanks to the fatty acids, linoleic acid and oleic acid, which are present in this emollient oil. Both work to help hydrate and soften the skin by preventing moisture from escaping from the skin’s surface barrier.
5 PLANT EXTRACT, ANTIOXIDANT Rubus Fruticosus (Blackberry) Fruit Extract It is rich in antioxidants of the phenolic, flavonoid, and anthocyanin varieties.
5 PLANT EXTRACT, ANTIOXIDANT Rubus Idaeus (Raspberry) Fruit Extract Also known as red raspberry to differentiate it from other types. Raspberry fruit contains a broad mix of antioxidants, including ascorbic acid (vitamin C) beta-carotene, glutathione, quercetin, and vitamin E.
5 EXFOLLIANT Salicylic Acid Salicylic acid (also called beta hydroxy acid or BHA), salicylic acid offers hydrating properties that enhance the result of smooth, soft skin. Another unique advantage is salicylic acid’s ability to gently soothe aggravated skin thanks to its inherent calming properties.
5 PLANT EXTRACT, ANTIOXIDANT Salix Nigra (Willow) Bark Extract Salix nigra (willow) bark extract is a plant extract with proven skin-soothing and antioxidant benefits, and is a natural alternative to the salicylic acid (BHA) exfoliants.
5 PLANT EXTRACT, ANTIOXIDANT, EMOLLIENT Salvia Hispanica (Chia) Seed Oil Has excellent moisturizing properties and is able to combat free radical damage
5 PLANT EXTRACT, ANTIOXIDANT Sea Buckthorn Also known as seaberry, this berry is a good source of vitamin C as well as various B vitamins, vitamin E, lycopene, phytosterols, and numerous phenolic compounds that provide antioxidant benefi
5 PLANT EXTRACT, ANTIOXIDANT, EMOLLIENT Shea Butter Used as an emollient in cosmetics and has smoothing properties for dry skin
5 ANTIOXIDANT, HUMECTANT Sodium Hyaluronate Sodium hyaluronate is the salt form of the skin-replenishing ingredient hyaluronic acid. It shares the same benefits as hyaluronic acid, including its remarkable ability to help skin retain a lot of moisture - one gram (or 0.03 oz.) of hyaluronic acid can hold up to six liters of water. The chief difference between hyaluronic acid and sodium hyaluronate is that sodium hyaluronate is more bioavailable
5 ANTIOXIDANT, EMOLLIENT Squalene Oil derived from shark liver or from plants (usually olives). Its derivative squalane is a natural component of skin and a good emollient that has antioxidant properties.
5 ANTIOXIDANT Tocopherol Tocopherol is the name given to one of four forms of vitamin E. These four forms are d-alpha-tocopherol, d-alpha-tocopherol acetate, dl-alpha tocopherol, and dl-alpha tocopherol acetate. It offers significant antioxidant properties to help defend from pollution and other environmental stressors that would otherwise weaken skin, causing unwanted changes.
5 ANTIOXIDANT Turmeric Turmeric is a spice made from the dried, ground root of the Curcuma longa plant.Turmeric helps calm skin and may even play a role in reducing the look of acne-related redness by modulating pathways to restore a healthier, more even appearance.
5 ANTIOXIDANT Vitamin A Also known as retinol; It’s a skin-restoring, wrinkle-smoothing, firming and pore-refining ingredient and an antioxidant, allowing it to improve a variety of skin concerns, most related to visible signs of aging.
5 ANTIOXIDANT Vitamin B3 Vitamin B3 (also known as niacinamide or nicotinamide) is a unique skin-restoring ingredient that offers a multitude of benefits for skin. It is best known for its ability to help visibly reduce enlarged pores and improve uneven/dull skin tone. It also strengthens a weakened skin barrier.
5 ANTIOXIDANT, HUMECTANT Vitamin B5 Hydrating ingredient famous for its ability to attract/retain moisture
5 ANTIOXIDANT Vitamin C Improves the look of multiple signs of aging, brighten an uneven skin tone, as well as provide skin-restoring and soothing benefits.
5 ANTIOXIDANT Vitamin E Vitamin E occurs naturally in human skin, but can become depleted due to constant environmental exposure in the absence of sun protection. There are eight basic forms of the entire fat soluble vitamin E molecule, which are either synthetically or naturally derived. The most typical forms are d-alpha-tocopherol, d-alpha-tocopherol acetate, dl-alpha tocopherol, and dl-alpha tocopherol acetate.
5 ANTIOXIDANT Vitamin F Name sometimes used to represent essential fatty acids of linoleic acid and linolenic acid. These all have emollient, hydrating, replenishing, and often antioxidant properties for skin.
5 PLANT EXTRACT, ANTIOXIDANT, EMOLLIENT Vitis Vinifera (Grape) Seed Oil Vitis vinifera (grape) seed oil is an emollient, non-fragrant plant oil derived from the seeds of grapes. This plant oil has strong antioxidant properties, which gives it the ability to defend skin from environmental stressors.
5 UV FILTERS, OCCLUSIVE Zinc Oxide Mineral ingredient that’s one of the best-known broad spectrum UV filters. Proven gentle enough for sensitive skin (even infant skin and skin prone to rosacea) and is the broadest spectrum UVA and UVB reflector approved as a sunscreen by the FDA
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